Creato da yellowwoman il 15/03/2007

8 marzo

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Post N° 475

Post n°475 pubblicato il 09 Marzo 2008 da rimescolareilvolga
 
Tag: 8 marzo

Posted: Sun, 09 Mar 2008 08:29:45 +0100

8 marzo...

08-03-2008 - 01:28
 

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"International Women's Day (8 March) is an occasion marked by

women's groups around the world. This date is also commemorated


International Women's Day is the story of ordinary women

as makers of history; it is rooted in the centuries-old

struggle of women to participate in society on an equal

footing with men. In ancient Greece, Lysistrata initiated a

sexual strike against men in order to end war; during the

French Revolution, Parisian women calling for "liberty, equality,

fraternity" marched on Versailles to demand women's suffrage.

The idea of an International Women's Day first arose at the turn

of the century, which in the industrialized world was a period of

expansion and turbulence, booming population growth and radical

ideologies. Following is a brief chronology of the most important

events:

1909 

In accordance with a declaration by the Socialist Party of America,

the first National Woman's Day was observed across the United States

on 28 February. Women continued to celebrate it on the last Sunday

of that month through 1913.

1910 

The Socialist International, meeting in Copenhagen, established a

Women's Day, international in character, to honour the movement

for women's rights and to assist in achieving universal suffrage

for women. The proposal was greeted with unanimous approval by

the conference of over 100 women from 17 countries, which included

the first three women elected to the Finnish parliament. No fixed

date was selected for the observance.

1911 

As a result of the decision taken at Copenhagen the previous year,

International Women's Day was marked for the first time (19 March)

in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland, where more than one

million women and men attended rallies. In addition to the right

to vote and to hold public office, they demanded the right to work,

to vocational training and to an end to discrimination on the job.

Less than a week later, on 25 March, the tragic Triangle Fire in

New York City took the lives of more than 140 working girls,

most of them Italian and Jewish immigrants. This event had a

significant impact on labour legislation in the United States,

and the working conditions leading up to the disaster were invoked

during subsequent observances of International Women's Day.

1913-1914 

As part of the peace movement brewing on the eve of World War I,

Russian women observed their first International Women's Day on

the last Sunday in February 1913. Elsewhere in Europe, on or

around 8 March of the following year, women held rallies either

to protest the war or to express solidarity with their sisters.

1917 

With 2 million Russian soldiers dead in the war, Russian women

again chose the last Sunday in February to strike for "bread

and peace". Political leaders opposed the timing of the strike,

but the women went on anyway. The rest is history: Four days

later the Czar was forced to abdicate and the provisional Government

granted women the right to vote. That historic Sunday fell

on 23 February on the Julian calendar then in use in Russia,

but on 8 March on the Gregorian calendar in use elsewhere.

Since those early years, International Women's Day has assumed

a new global dimension for women in developed and developing

countries alike. The growing international women's movement,

which has been strengthened by four global United Nations women's

conferences, has helped make the commemoration a rallying point for

coordinated efforts to demand women's rights and participation

in the political and economic process. Increasingly, International

Women's Day is a time to reflect on progress made, to call for

change and to celebrate acts of courage and determination by

ordinary women who have played an extraordinary role in the

history of women's rights."

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Liberation

We are all mothers,
and we have that fire within us,
of powerful women
whose spirits are so angry
we can laugh beauty into life
and still make you taste
the salty tears of our knowledge-
For we are not tortured
anymore;
we have seen beyond your lies and disguises,
and we have mastered the language of words,
we have mastered speech
And know
we have also seen ourselves raw
and naked piece by piece until our flesh lies flayed
with blood on our own hands.
What terrible thing can you do us
which we have not done to ourselves?
What can you tell us
which we didn’t deceive ourselves with
a long time ago?
You cannot know how long we cried
until we laughed
over the broken pieces of our dreams.
Ignorance
shattered us into such fragments
we had to unearth ourselves piece by piece,
to recover with our own hands such unexpected relics
even we wondered
how we could hold such treasure.
Yes, we have conceived
to forge our mutilated hopes
beyond your imaginings
to declare the pain of our deliverance:
So do not even ask,
do not ask what it is we are labouring with this time;
Dreamers remember their dreams
when they are disturbed-
And you shall not escape
what we will make
of the broken pieces of our lives
.

                                                      

By Abena Busia

Abena Busia in her poem “Liberation”describes the plight

of women and their power to overcome violence and be free.

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commenti

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Blog del Giorno

at the United Nations and is designated in many countries
as a national holiday. When women on all continents,
often divided by national boundaries and by ethnic,
linguistic, cultural, economic and political differences,
come together to celebrate their Day, they can look back to
a tradition that represents at least nine decades of struggle
for equality, justice, peace and development.

 
 

 

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